A bill that would ban nearly all abortions in South Dakota is scheduled for a public hearing Wednesday in the Senate State Affairs Committee.
The measure was easily passed last week by the House, but the Senate is not expected to be as receptive.
If the legislation wins final approval in the Senate and is signed by Governor Rounds, who opposes abortion, voters will get the last word on it.
The measure contains a provision that would automatically put the issue on the 2008 ballot.
Voters rejected an abortion ban this past November, but the current legislation may be more popular at the polls because it contains exceptions for rape, incest and a woman's health.
Abortion opponents hope the measure will become a successful legal challenge to the 1973 US Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion. HB1293